World Heritage Day: Everything is here about this day

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World Heritage Day is celebrated to preserve the golden history and construction of selected heritage sites of the world. This is celebrated every year on 18 April. This Day is celebrated to make people aware of our rich heritage and culture so that people may understand their culture and tradition as well as conserve it. The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) set a theme every year for this day, all kinds of activities and campaigns are run around this theme. World Heritage Day 2022 theme is ‘Heritage and Climate’.

Red Fort or Lal Quila
Red Fort

History of World Heritage Day

ICOMOS had proposed the protection of ancient buildings and sites around the world at an international summit to be held in Stockholm. Later this was passed, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization( UNESCO) World Heritage Center was established then World Memorial Day had celebrated on 18 April. Only 12 sites were included in this list in the initial days. After this, the International Council of Monuments and Sites named it World Heritage Day in 1982. UNESCO announced it in 1983. India has a total of 40 sites added to UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites list. Only 5 countries have 40 or more World Heritage sites. World Heritage sites also attract foreign travelers.

Taj mahal
Taj Mahal ( www.tajmahal.gov.in )

Importance of World Heritage Day

Old buildings and ancient places may become dilapidated with time, but they bear witness to different histories and there are many tales associated with the walls of monuments and old places, from defeat-victory to art and culture, here as evidence They are alive, in such a situation, through this day, an attempt is made to remove the dust on these stories. Ancient monuments and buildings are precious gifts for a human beings. we should protect and preserve our vibrant past culture. There are different ways of celebrating it all over the world, heritage walks are organized in many places, oaths are taken to protect the heritage and in many places campaigns are organized to make people aware of them. We should save our culture and legacy and carry forward it to the younger generation. Ancient places and monuments are a result of the best efforts of all people like architects, engineers, geographers, civil engineers, artists, and archaeologists.

Source: Ministry of Information & Broadcasting

World Class Heritage Institutes

Indian govt. has decided to set up a world-class institute ‘Indian Institute of Heritage’ at Noida. Government focus on the conservation and research of India’s rich heritage. This institute will provide quality higher education in History of Arts, Museology, Archaeology, and Archival Studies as well as also provide conservation training facilities to in-service employees and the students of this institute. National Museum Institute’s new campus was inaugurated in 2019 and It had added 4 new courses such as Archaeology, Palaeography, Structural Conservation and Cultural & Heritage Management; Epigraphy and Numismatics.

Conclusion

It is celebrated all over the world and It is a day for memorizing our past as well as we take an oath to conserve our monuments and ancient buildings because it is our heritage and rich culture.

FAQ

What does ICOMOS stand for ? Or What is full form of ICOMOS?

Ans: The International Council on Monuments and Sites

What does UNESCO stand for ? Or What is the full form of UNESCO?

Ans: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Who founded ICOMOS?

Ans: As a result of the Venice Charter of 1964, ICOMOS was established in 1965 in the capital of Poland (Warsaw).

What heritage means?

Ans: It means our old culture, monuments, objects and traditions.

Why is Heritage Day celebrated? Or What is the meaning of World Heritage Day? Or What is heritage day India?

Ans: This is a day to promote and preserve our heritage and culture.

Why Heritage Day is celebrated on 18th April?

Ans: ICOMOS had proposed the protection of ancient buildings and sites around the world at an international summit to be held in Stockholm. Later this was passed, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization( UNESCO) World Heritage Center was established then World Memorial Day had celebrated on 18 April.

What are the 3 types of heritage? Or What are the types of heritage?

Ans: cultural, natural, and mixed

What is the theme of Heritage Day 2020?

Ans: Shared Culture

What is the theme of Heritage Day 2021?

Ans: Complex Pasts: Diverse Futures.

What is the theme of Heritage Day 2022?

Ans: Heritage and Climate

What are the 7 Wonder Heritage sites?

Ans: Taj Mahal (India) , The Colosseum in Rome, The Great Wall of China, Chichen Itza (Mexico), Christ the Redeemer (Brazil), Machu Picchu (Peru), Petra (Jordan)

What can we do on Heritage Day?

Ans: We can conserve and promote our rich culture and spread awareness about this day.

How do schools celebrate Heritage Day?

Ans: They celebrates with cultural programmes and dances, which shows our heritage.

How is Heritage Day celebrated in churches?

Ans: They pray and workship to god.

How does Heritage Day bring unity and close the gaps of the past?

Ans: This day tell about unity and in the present day, we are not united but rather divided.

What is the oldest World Heritage Site?

Ans: L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park, Canada

When was the first World Heritage site found?

Ans: L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park, Canada in 1978.

How many world heritage sites are there in the world 2022?

Ans: A total of 1,154 World Heritage Sites have been discovered throughout 167 countries (897 cultural, 218 natural, and 39 combined properties).

How many UNESCO World Heritage Sites are in India?

Ans: 40 sites

Which country has most heritage sites?

Ans: Italy

Which City Has the Most UNESCO World Heritage Sites?

Ans: Cordoba

Which city is known as city of heritage?

Ans: Ahmedabad (India)

Does US have any World Heritage sites?

Ans: Yes, 24 sites

Is the Statue of Liberty a World Heritage Site?

Ans: Yes

Which country deleted heritage sites?

Ans: Three sites are delisted from Oman.

Why are World Heritage Sites in danger?

Ans: Due to war, pollution, earthquakes and natural disasters

WHO declared Ajanta & Ellora as a World Heritage site?

Ans: UNESCO, this organisation declare and delisted heritage sites all over the world.

What is the website of ICOMOS?

Ans: WWW.ICOMOS.ORG

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